Blenny Auction Result

Malacoctenus carrowi Peter Wirtz

Malacoctenus carrowi by Dr. Peter Wirtz

Meet Malacoctenus carrowi, a newly described blenny known from the Cape Verde Islands in the eastern Atlantic. A year ago, we announced a Blenny Auction to raise funding to enable Dr. Peter Wirtz to collect another specimen and complete the research to formalize the description of the fish, only the second species of the genus Malacoctenus to be known from the eastern Atlantic. As a result, the species has been named to honor Mr. Frank Carrow, whose interest in marine conservation led to his creation and funding of a foundation that supports a broad range of marine conservation activities. The paper, A new species of Malacoctenus from the Cape Verde islands, eastern Atlantic (Pisces Teleostei Labrisomidae) is available online.  For more information about the books, publications and images of Dr. Wirtz, visit his web page at

Happy Friday everyone!

The Most Photographed Tessellated Blenny in the World

Tessellated Blenny's colorful neck by Ned DeLoachThis is the most photographed Tessellated Blenny in the world and likely the most observed. I am certain of this. I spent hours with this fish and its reefmates –  I think I might have been obsessed. A few days after we arrived on Bonaire for our annual 5-week stay, our friends Allison and Carlos Estape (fellow fish surveyors) stopped by and told us about a site that had Tessellated Blennies (Hypsoblennius invemar) living in the barnacle shells. An abandoned, submerged mooring covered with a complex growth of sponges, barnacles and other invertebrates, this was perfect habitat for Tessellated Blennies. Enchanted by these colorful fish, we visited the site, dubbed the “blenny condo,” again and again regularly finding from 12 to 15 individuals, including one only a half-inch long.

The Tessellated Blenny that started it all Ned DeLoachAbove: another view of the same blenny. Of all the blennies at the condo, this individual had the most developed cirri. It was also the most photogenic, sitting in a barnacle shell that was free of surrounding growth. Over five weeks, Ned and I showed it and the others in the colony to many fishwatchers and photographers – anyone who was willing to spend an hour at eight feet to look at a tiny, 2-inch fish. Although the mooring was attached to the bottom, at a depth of 26 feet, all the blennies I counted were in the top ten feet of water. Looking up, you can see how close the top of the mooring is to the surface:The Bonaire Blenny condo by Ned DeLoach

Hanging out at ten feet could be tough when it was surgy, but we made a number of dawn dives, when the water was calmer and the blennies were particularly active. I was able to distinguish some of the females from the males by their behavior. In many blennies, the nuptial males are colored differently from the females and young, non-breeding males. They are usually site attached, rarely leaving their holes – I think this is because they are either guarding eggs or trying to attract females to lay eggs there. The Tessellated Blennies that never left their holes were the most vibrantly colored and strongly patterned, which led me to believe they were the males. When what I thought was a female approached, the males exhibited a very distinctive head-bobbing behavior, often leaning way out of the hole, like this one:Tessellated Blenny trying to attract a female by Ned DeLoach

I could not tell the difference between the females and young males, but many were running around and getting into frequent fights with each other. When I saw a male going crazy, bobbing up and down like a mini-piston, I was certain the target of his showboating was a female, like this one that tucked itself into a shell after running around the male several times:Tessellated Blenny Female by Ned DeLoach

Ned shot dozens of photos of the Tessellated Blennies on the blenny condo but this is my favorite. I wuv de widdle toofees: The Laughing Blenny by Ned DeLoach

Coming soon: a revised Bonaire blenny map.

The Masked Grouper’s Many Looks

Masked Grouper juvenile, Gracila albomarginataWe are still diving in Indonesia, but now back in Internet range with time to post a few observations. One of my recent favorites is the many different looks of the Masked Grouper, Gracila albomarginata. On a dive in the Banda Sea, I noticed a small fish that I didn’t recognize. It was bright purple with lovely red margins on its anal and tailfins. Another I saw had a light, squarish spot on its side, reminiscent of the purple Square Spot Anthias, but it was shyly darting in and around a low coral head – not the behavior or habitat of an anthias – plus it also had a small dark spot near the tail. I wasn’t the only one who noticed these fish and in comparing notes, our friend Dr. Richard Smith who had also noticed the fish, suggested that it might be a young Masked Grouper. That made sense; the squarish spot and dot near the tail just like the adult, but a different color: Masked Grouper intermediate variation, Gracila albomarginata

On the next dive, our guide Yann pointed out another under a ledge, this one only about an inch and a half long:

Masked Grouper juvenile, Gracila albomarginata

Found hiding under a ledge, this juvenile was less than two inches long

Then I found a gray version, about six inches long; the same size as the purple one with the square spot and this one had the faint “mask” like the adult – don’t know what’s going on here – male? female? intermediate?Masked Grouper intermediate, Gracila albomarginata

There were plenty of full sized, fourteen to eighteen-inch adults running around. Until these dives, this was the life stage with which we were all familiar. One of the theories of why many juvenile fishes look so different from the adults is that in territorial species, the tiny, differently colored juveniles pose no threat to the much larger adults, affording them a chance to grow up without being driven away.

Masked Grouper adult, Gracila albomarginata

An adult Masked Grouper (approx. 16 inches in length)

Coming soon on Blennywatcher: photos from our Banda Sea crossing.

Dominica Grass Beds

Dominica Grass Bed with urchins

The grass bed at Champagne, one of our favorite dive sites.

This is the last in our series of posts from our recent trip to Dominica. Alternate habitats like sand flats and sea grass beds can be “hit or miss” – we might find all kinds of interesting things or we might wander around for an hour and get skunked. Either way, it is the thrill of the hunt that makes it fun. The grass bed at the site called Champagne was a winner so we ended up diving there 3 days. The Flying Gurnards we saw were some of the prettiest we’ve ever seen:

Flying Gurnard (Dactylopterus volitans) in grassbed Dominica

One of the prettiest Flying Gurnards I’ve ever seen.

A flying Flying Gurnard (Dactylopterus volitans) Dominica

A flying Flying Gurnard (Dactylopterus volitans)

One of the animals I was happy to find was the Atlantic Longarm Octopus, Macrotritopus defilippi. The first time we ever saw one was in 2000, on a black sand bottom at the other end of Dominica. We had just visited Lembeh Strait, Indonesia for the first time and had seen our first Mimic Octopus there. To our amazement, the Atlantic Longarm Octopus behaved much the same way, stretching and contorting itself into all kinds of shapes. We chronicled the encounter in the Spring 2001 issue of Ocean Realm Magazine.

Atlantic Longarm Octopus (Macrotritopus defilippi) Dominica

The very expressive Atlantic Longarmed Octopus

Our guide Tony surfaced after our first dive to tell us we should make a second dive there to see the batfish and frogfish he found while scouting in the opposite direction. The last one into the water, I trailed behind the group and ran right into a 3-inch, black, Shortnose Batfish. “Here! It’s over here,” I signaled, but Tony was insisting that I join him across the sand to see…the batfish! We ended up seeing five different individuals, including my tiny black one and Ned got this great shot of it extending its tiny lure:

Shortnose Batfish (Ogcocepahlus nasutus) Dominica

This batfish was tiny, but it knew how to wiggle its lure.

Shortnose Batfish (Ogcocepahlus nasutus) Pair Dominica

Shortnose Batfish (Ogcocepahlus nasutus) – We saw 5 different individuals in the grass

It pays to look at everything. Our friend Madelyn found this lovely nudibranch, Spurilla sp. in a clump of algae

Nudibranch, Spurilla sp. in the grass bed in Dominica

Nudibranch, Spurilla sp., in the algae

And there were lots of eels, including a Margintail Conger – a new species for many lifelists. Goldspotted eels seem to fill the niche occupied by Sharptail Eels in other parts of the Caribbean.

Margintail conger (Paraconger caudilimbatus)

Margintail conger (Paraconger caudilimbatus)

Goldspotted Snake Eel (Myrichthys ocellatus)

Goldspotted Snake Eel (Myrichthys ocellatus)

Lots of juveniles, including Queen Triggers:

Juvenile Queen Trigger (Balistes vetula) Dominica

A juvenile Queen Trigger (Balistes vetula) hides out in the grass.

And behavior…here’s a young jack, hunting with a Yellow Goatfish. As the goatfish disturbs the bottom with its barbels, the jack dashes in and snaps up tiny fishes and invertebrates:

Shadow feeding young jack with goatfish

A young jack shadow feeding with a Yellow Goatfish

I ended last week’s post with a beautiful yellow and orange frogfish, tucked into a similarly colored sponge. In the algae-covered rocks and sand, our guides found two very cryptic frogfish – no beauty contest winners here:

Frogfish Dominica

Very well camouflaged frogfish.

A big thank you to our buddy Mike Poe, for sharing some of his photos from the trip. We’re off to Indonesia, with little expectation of access to Internet service, so we’ll post as we can for the next month – watch this space.